In 2016 males earned $12,397 more than females.  The gap in pay is a result of the comparison of median income between men and women in the United States. Women overall had a median income of $23,041 while men earned $35,438.  Such a difference in pay means that women made 65 percent of what men earned that year.

The study was conducted by Pansop with data collected from the U.S. Census Bureau. The numbers represent the median income for individual males and females in the U.S aged 15 and up.  In this study, the gender pay gap can be traced to state and county levels.

The states with the highest difference in pay between males and females were Utah, New Jersey, Wyoming, Connecticut, and North Dakota.  Among these states, there was an average gap in the pay of $16,445.

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StatePopulationMale Median Income ($)Female Median Income ($)Gap ($)
Utah2,903,37937,25420,24417,010
New Jersey8,904,41344,38527,55516,830
Wyoming579,67937,84021,53316,307
Connecticut3,593,22244,07927,95616,123
North Dakota721,64041,59925,64415,955


Several quantifiable variables were involved in the difference in pay between males and females such as types of jobs, career fields, individual qualifications, and levels of education.

An analysis of gender pay difference based on educational attainment found that the gap in pay between the two genders increased with higher levels of education for adults aged 25 and up.  In 2016, male high school graduates earned $12,237 more the females.  The gap in pay increased to $20,066 between the two genders for people with a bachelor’s degree and to $28,155 for those with a graduate or professional degree.  The increase associated with education levels is influenced by the higher paying jobs that graduates are able to obtain their degrees.

Utah, Washington, Virginia, Connecticut, and New Jersey were the top states with the highest difference in pay for those with a bachelor’s degree, 3 of which also had the highest overall gender pay gap in the nation.  For those with a bachelor's degree among these states, there was an average difference in pay of $26,629.  The average male median income was $72,033 compared to $45,404 for females.

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From a quantitative point of view, it is difficult to ascertain exactly what is the driving force behind the gap in pay between the two genders.  What is less difficult however is to see that there is an inequality in pay represented by the statistics for each state.  Looking at only the numbers, it is clear that each state in the U.S. experienced its own pay gap where there was a higher reported income for males than for females.